Potent Places as Embodied Memory in Cambodia

Commenting on sociologist Maurice Halbwach’s (1925) influential theoretical essay on memory, Paul Connerton declared that continuing to speak of “collective memory” required recognition that the term subsumed “quite simply facts of communication between individuals.” (Connerton 2010: 38). Following Halbwachs’ fundamental lessons, I take collective memory here to mean a narrative of [...]

Tempat-tempat Potensial Sebagai Perwakilan Ingatan Di Kamboja

Ketika mengomentari esai teoritis berpengaruh karya sosiologis Maurice Halbwachs (1925) tentang memori/ingatan, Paul Connerton menyatakan bahwa untuk melanjutkan membicarakan ingatan kolektif memerlukan pengakuan bahwa istilah tersebut merupakan bagian dari “fakta cukup sederhana tentang komunikasi antar individu” (Connerton 2010: 38). Mengikuti pelajaran fundamental karya Halbwachs tersebut, [...]


เมื่อความเรียงเชิงทฤษฎีเกี่ยวกับความทรงจำอันโด่งดังของมอริซ อัลบ์วาคส์ (Maurice Halbwachs) นักมานุษยวิทยา ได้รับการตีพิมพ์ออกมานั้น (1925) พอล คอนเนอร์ตัน [...]

Sculpting and Casting Memory and History in a Northern Thai City

Monuments and statues have long been popular among states seeking to define collective memory. Such obsession with statuary commemoration has even been described by some as a sort of ‘statuemania’, an ailment of national elites and urban planners not only in the west, but also in places like Thailand, where new monuments began to dot the urban landscape of Bangkok in the early twentieth [...]

Mengukir dan Membuang Kenangan dan Sejarah di sebuah kota di Thailand Utara

Tugu-tugu dan patung-patung telah lama terkenal di kalangan negara-negara yang berusaha untuk menjelaskan kenangan bersama. Obsesi tersebut dengan peringatan patung bahkan telah digambarkan oleh beberapa sebagai semacam ‘patung mania’, sebuah penyakit dari para elit nasional dan perencana kota yang tidak hanya terjadi di dunia barat, tetapi juga di berbagai tempat seperti Thailand, dengan [...]

Nonviolent Action: The Ultimate Sacrifice

I have long been awed by the level of commitment required for any idealist to make the ultimate sacrifice for their cause, the offering of one’s very life. Where does one acquire such steadfast, unbending resolve? Suicide bombers do so to acquire the glories of martyrdom and their mission is anything but selfless; they wish to harm as many others as possible by their own deaths. The [...]

Rethinking “Religion” from the Margins

We have long been hearing about the degeneration of Buddhism in Thailand, most often accompanying scandals involving monks who deal with money, magic, or sex. Such realities are inevitably attributed to modernity or globalization. However, the relative decline of the Sangha as a state-sanctioned ecclesia does not necessarily mean the decline of religion in general. Rather, there is an emerging [...]

The Curious Case of Buddhist Activism in Singapore

Buddhist activism has been a subject of considerable discussion among academics, policy makers, and practitioners in recent years. 1 Buddhist activists, consist of both the Sangha and laity, have sought to promote social justice, campaign for political reforms, propagate environmentalism, and defend their faith against threats and heterodox teachings. In the Southeast Asian context, Buddhist [...]

Buddhist Studies in Vietnam: Some Thoughts on Current and Future Directions

Within the field of Buddhist studies, Vietnamese Buddhism has received insufficient attention from academics in the Euro-American sphere. Part of this stems from academic biases that favor text-centered Buddhism over lived, quotidian expressions of Buddhist practice. Such bias has basis in older approaches to scholarship that privilege certain texts and, from that perspective, construct a picture [...]

การศึกษาศาสนาพุทธในเวียดนาม: ข้อคิดเห็นบางประการเกี่ยวกับแนวโน้มในปัจจุบันและอนาคต

ภายในสาขาการศึกษาเกี่ยวกับพุทธศาสนานั้น ศาสนาพุทธในเวียดนามได้รับความสนใจน้อยเกินไปจากแวดวงนักวิชาการยุโรป-อเมริกัน [...]

Myanmar: Contesting Conceptual Landscapes in the Politics of Buddhism

Popular and scholarly representations of the recent Buddhist mobilizations in Myanmar raise the issue of the how theoretical and analytical approaches shape the study of Buddhism, politics and society. The rise of the nationalist monastic organization MaBaTha and its efforts to enact restrictive legislation and shape electoral politics in the recently democratizing Myanmar has again placed the [...]

Buddhism, Politics, and Modernity in Southeast Asia

I am very excited to have been given the opportunity by the Kyoto Review of Southeast Asia to highlight the work of a diverse group of six young scholars. These scholars work across a range of disciplines and source materials and have different language skills. However, their work reveals exciting trends in Southeast Asian Studies – scholars of religion who are well-attuned to the social, [...]

Encountering Corpses: Notes on Zombies and the Living Dead in Buddhist Southeast Asia

        Corpses are frequently encountered in the Christian religious cultures of Europe and the Americas. Without the need for a quick burial and restrictions on dismemberment in Judaism and Islam, Christians have spent a lot of time viewing corpses, handling corpses, depicting corpses, dissecting them in medical school, employing them in vehicle impact safety tests, and writing and [...]

The Idea of Kingship in Buddhist Cambodia

Kyoto Review of Southeast Asia Issue 11 (March 2011): Southeast Asian Studies in Korea  “Sihanouk! Long live Sihanouk!” However unusual in the circumstances, this evocation of the prince was no surprise. Citing the destruction by the Americans of their sanctuaries over the border in Cambodia, Hanoi’s troops had penetrated to the heart of Khmer country with impunity, with [...]

캄보디아의 왕과 왕권

Kyoto Review of Southeast Asia Issue 11 (March 2011): Southeast Asian Studies in Korea “시하누크 왕 만세!” 그토록 급박한 상황에서 왕의 이름을 주문처럼 부르는 게 조금도 이상하지 않았다. 베트남군이 캄보디아 심장부로 들어오기까지 마치 ‘ 열려라 참깨’ 처럼 시하누크만 외치면 어디든 무사통과였다 (Bizot [...]