Kai Ostwald & Kyaw Yin Hlaing

Myanmar’s Transition Stalled: From Opening to Coup

The year 2020, when this project was initiated, provided a unique opportunity for reflection on critical milestones in Myanmar’s recent history: it marked a decade since the initiation of political, economic, and peace transitions, as well as five years since the National League for Democracy (NLD) took control of the civilian government in an ad hoc power-sharing arrangement with the military. The November 2020 election would [...]

Htet Min Lwin

Htet Paing Oo

Claudine Haenni

Kai Ostwald & Kyaw Yin Hlaing

Julius Bautista

  • The COVID-19 pandemic is a global crisis that has caused an unprecedented disruption of the foundational institutions in the public health and economic sectors. Given that 190 countries have mandated the complete or partial closure of schools – a measure that has affected more than 1.7 billion students worldwide (World Bank 2020) – it is important to underscore that the pandemic should also be considered a global educational crisis. Audrey Azouley, the Director-General of UNESCO, has declared that COVID-19 has caused “the most unprecedented disruption in the history of education.“ (UNESCO 2020: iii).   Educational institutions around the world have responded by implementing measures with the intent of maintaining the continuity and inclusiveness of their programs while safeguarding the interests [...]


Message from the Editor:


KRSEA has achieved its new milestone both in terms of greater global reach and its continued promotion of indigenous languages of Southeast Asia. It is now time to celebrate our achievement with the launch of this book. At the Crossroads unravels a critical juncture in Southeast Asia, from 2017 to 2021, a juncture replete with changes, contestations and challenges facing the region, from different viewpoints: political, economic, social, and cultural. This time, we bring together all the English articles published from January 2017 to December 2020 into one volume.


ရပ်တန့်သွားသော မြန်မာ့အသွင်ကူးပြောင်းရေး – စတင်ချိန်မှ အာဏာသိမ်းချိန်အထိ

ဤစီမံချက်ကို စတင်ချိန် ၂၀၂၀ ပြည့်နှစ်သည် မြန်မာနိုင်ငံ၏ မကြာသေးသော သမိုင်းတွင် ဖြတ်သန်း ခဲ့သော မိုင်တိုင်များကို ပြန်လည်ဆန်းစစ်ရန် တမူထူးခြားသော အခွင့်အလမ်းရှိချိန် ဖြစ်ပါသည်။ ၂၀၂၀ ပြည့်နှစ်သည် နိုင်ငံရေး၊ စီးပွားရေး၊ ငြိမ်းချမ်းရေး အသွင်ကူးပြောင်းမှု စတင်ချိန်မှ စရေတွက်လျှင် ဆယ်နှစ် ပြည့်မြောက်ချိန် ဖြစ်ပြီး အမျိုးသားဒီိမုကရေစီအဖွဲ့ချုပ် NLD က စစ်တပ်နှင့် အလျဥ်းသင့်သလို [...]

Southeast Asia’s Democracies have Collapsed, and Politics have Stagnated: Could COVID-19 Change That?

by Joshua Kurlantzick in Issue 31

Over the past fifteen years, politics have stagnated and democracy has faltered in Southeast Asia. The region has gone from a bellwether of global democratization, with countries such as Indonesia, Thailand, Malaysia, and the Philippines making breaks from dictatorial pasts, to a center of the new era of authoritarianism. Now, Southeast Asian states often are led by politicians, such as the Philippines’ Rodrigo Duterte, who win elections, destroy any institutions that could constrain their power and use social media to whip up supporters with misinformation and attacks on a wide [...]

Book Reviews

A Publication | The Blooming Years

This collection of articles from the Kyoto Review of Southeast Asia (KRSEA) is published with the financial support of the Center for Southeast Asian Studies (CSEAS), Kyoto University.