Daily Life in Mindanao: Photo Essay

Daily Life in MindanaoPhoto Essay by Bobby Timonera Mindanao in southern Philippines is populated mainly by three groups of people – the Lumads, the tribal people who first inhabited the place but who are now a minority; the Muslim groups; and the Christians who came mostly from the northern part of the country who now comprise the majority. The mixture of these three peoples has somehow [...]

Retrospect and Prospect of Magindanawn Leadership in Central Mindanao: Four Vantage Points

In the southern Philippines, the territory containing the influence of the Magindanao Sultanate was extensive. So expansive was this territory that the Spaniards named the entire southern island “Mindanao” in their honor (McKenna 1998, 27). Through alliances, expertise, and prowess in military affairs and economic practice, the Magindanawn not only held their own against Spanish advances, but [...]

The Indonesian Migrants of Davao and Cotabato

The more recent Indonesian migrants to the Philippines are collectively called Maroris by the natives of Davao. They are called Maroris because in coming to southern Mindanao, a lot of them went by way of Marori Island, the northernmost island of the Sangihe Island chain in Indonesia. Marori was designated as the exit point for Indonesians from the Sangihe Islands, with the point of entry at [...]

Working with Spanish Colonial Records and Archives: Reflections and Practicalities

Having recently completed several months of archival research on the early Spanish colonial period in Mindanao, I thought it would be useful to share with other potential researchers and students the practical and personal issues I encountered during that time, with the objective of making their turn less disorientating and hopefully more productive. When my archival research project was still in [...]

Economic Development, Security, and Conflict Prevention in Muslim Mindanao

Economic growth in the developing world is increasingly viewed as more than a rise in GDP or a healthy balance of payments. Since the early 1990s, international donor agencies have made efforts to ensure not just the sustainability of economic development, but a more equitable distribution of the benefits of growth. A wide range of indicators – from infant mortality to school dropout rates – [...]

Comment on ARMM Education Policies

First I would like to express appreciation towards the movement within the Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao (ARMM) to develop a high quality and relevant basic education system, including the madrasah that will prepare students to contribute to peace and nation-building. When I was living among Muslims in the southern Philippines, many people told me stories about when they first encountered [...]

The Osaka Museum of Ethnology: A Treasure Trove of Philippine Holdings

Three academic institutions in Japan have important holdings of books, journals, magazines, and other printed literature on the Philippines: Sophia University hosts the collection of Filipino historian Mauro Garcia. Kyoto University’s Center for Southeast Asian Studies recently increased its holdings substantially with the purchase of the Filipiniana collection of historian Lamberto Ocampo. And [...]

Film Review—“Bendum: In the Heart of Mindanao”

“Bendum: In the Heart of Mindanao”Anthony CollinsColor. English. 29 min. IE Film and Video Company, 2001Available from Documentary Educational Resources www.der.org Documentary film audiences are generally people concerned with a particular issue or a specific place where real-life drama is played out. A documentary’s title is an important tool in both locating and creating that film’s [...]

Of Strongmen and the State

          John T. SidelCapital, Coercion, and Crime: Bossism in the PhilippinesStanford, U.S.A. / Stanford University Press / 1999 Patricio N. AbinalesMaking Mindanao: Cotabato and Davao in the Formation of the Philippine Nation-StateQuezon City, Philippines / Ateneo de Manila University Press / 2000 The man whose testimony set off a chain reaction of events resulting in the impeachment [...]

Review— The Lumad’s Struggle in the Face of Globalization

The Lumad’s Struggle in the Face of GlobalizationKarl M. Gaspar, C.Ss.R. Davao City / Alternate Forum for Research in Mindanao / 2000 Lumad is the local term used to refer to indigenous ethno-linguistic groups in the Philippines who were neither Christianized nor Islamized. Karl Gaspar’s book, which was published at the turn of this century, starts with the question, “What might this [...]