Issue 14: Myanmar

Myanmar Oil and Gas: Managed by the People for the People

“We want to use the EITI to ensure that these resources (Myanmar’s petroleum resources wealth) are developed and managed in a transparent manner for the sustainable benefit of our people”.President Thein Sein of Myanmar, speaking 10 December 2013 1  Analysing the President’s statement above, this paper finds that the management of Myanmar’s oil and gas wealth is no longer the preserve [...]

Prioritising social growth for Singapore

The second Young Academic’s Voice article is by Alex Tham. He casts a critical gaze at his home country, Singapore, and sees the threads that bind the country together slowly pulling apart. Singapore’s development hasn’t been met with the same level of social growth and this will not bode well for society if relationships are always measured in just economic terms. [...]

Tar Tei Sa Nay Thar (A child born on Saturday)

Tar Tei Sa Nay Thar (A child born on Saturday)Nga Doe Sar Pay (Yangon, Myanmar), 2012. The book is the autobiography of U Nu, a leading nationalist and political figure in 20th century Myanmar, and was originally written in 1969. It was first published in English in USA and India during 1969-1980, and in 1975, it was published in Burmese in India by Irrawaddy Publishing. It finally made print in [...]

Daily Life in Mindanao: Photo Essay

Daily Life in MindanaoPhoto Essay by Bobby Timonera Mindanao in southern Philippines is populated mainly by three groups of people – the Lumads, the tribal people who first inhabited the place but who are now a minority; the Muslim groups; and the Christians who came mostly from the northern part of the country who now comprise the majority. The mixture of these three peoples has somehow [...]

Moving Myanmar: The Future of Military Prominence

David I. Steinberg, Distinguished Professor from Georgetown University writes about Myanmar and the role of the military as the country moves forward. Looking at social mobility specifically, David argues that Myanmar society was more open before it was choked by the military in the past and talks about how at that time, the only avenue for social mobility was through the army. Today, other avenues have reopened, with the possibility of making Myanmar a more balanced society. [...]

A “Three Insecurities Perspective” for the Changing Myanmar

Maung Zarni, a research fellow at the London School of Economics, argues that the best way to look at the current changes in Myanmar is through his “Three Insecurity Paradigms”, namely, national security, global security and human security. Zarni denounces the Thein Sein reforms as crude responses to the regime’s own needs and to the expectation of the world, with little account for the security of ordinary Myanmar people. [...]

Reassessing Myanmar’s Glasnost

Maitrii Aung-Thwin from NUS, Singapore, examines if Myanmar is witnessing its own Glasnost , the openness that signaled the end of the Cold War, and juxtaposes this against what is taking place in Myanmar today. [...]

Prioritising Agricultural Reform in Myanmar

Sean Turnell and Wylie Bradford of the Macquarie University, Australia, look at the agricultural sector in Myanmar, the source of income of the majority of Myanmar people, and plot the important role it will play in enabling the country’s economic renaissance. They propose a set of recommendations on how to promote and sustain this sector, bearing in mind the potential of Myanmar in the world’s agricultural markets. [...]

Strengths and Weaknesses of Thein Sein’s Leadership

Yoshihiro Nakanishi of Kyoto University profiles Thein Sein, delving deep into his leadership and poses the question, “is democratization truly taking place with him at the helm?” His answer is more startling than his question. He believes that the plans of reform were well laid by the previous generation of military elites; thus they themselves are automatically entrenched in the new power structure. [...]

Myanmar yang bergerak: Masa depan kedudukan penting militer

Myanmar yang bergerak: Masa depan kedudukan penting militer Pendahuluan Teori dan praktek pemerintahan modern di negara-negara Barat menyebutkan bahwa pemerintahan yang baik adalah suatu bentuk pemerintahan sipil (rakyat) yang melakukan kontrol atas militer. Di negara-negara komunis pun, partai politik diharapkan memegang kontrol sementara pihak militer menuruti komando sambil tetap berpegang [...]

Titik Kuat dan Titik Lemah dari Kepemimpinan Thein Sein

Titik Kuat dan Titik Lemah dari Kepemimpinan Thein Sein Ketidakmampuan untuk meramal perubahan Tidak seorangpun yang dapat meramalkan berbagai perubahan yang terjadi pada saat ini di Myanmar. Bulan Maret 2011 menjadi akhir pemerintahan militer setelah berkuasa selama 23 tahun. Mantan Perdana Menteri Myanmar, Thein Sein, menjadi Presiden, dan pada tahun 2008, pemerintahan “sipil” [...]

Menilai kembali Glasnost yang terjadi di Myanmar

Menilai kembali Glasnost yang terjadi di Myanmar Dimulainya reformasi ekonomi dan politik secara besar-besaran oleh Presiden Myanmar Thein Sein pada tahun 2011 mengejutkan banyak pengamat internasional yang setelah pemilihan umum tahun 2010 telah meragukan komitmen pemerintah untuk mengadakan perubahan. Walaupun pada awalnya banyak komentator dan analis yang bersikap skeptis, laju dan lingkup [...]

Memprioritaskan Reformasi Pertanian di Myanmar

Memprioritaskan Reformasi Pertanian di Myanmar Sektor pertanian di Myanmar telah lama ditekan oleh kebijakan politik pemerintah yang buruk dan mengekang, minimnya kredit, infrastuktur dengan jumlah yang tidak memadai dan kondisi yang semakin memburuk, dan tidak adanya jaminan atas kepemilikan tanah dan berbagai hak atasnya. Masalah-masalah ini menjadi penyebab kemiskinan yang merupakan [...]

การประเมินนโยบาย “เปิดกว้าง” ของพม่า

การประเมินนโยบาย “เปิดกว้าง” ของพม่า การประกาศใช้การปฏิรูปทางการเมืองและเศรษฐกิจแบบกว้างๆ โดยประธานาธิบดีเต็ง  เส่ง (Thein Sein) ของพม่าเมื่อ ค.ศ.2011 [...]

พัฒนาการในพม่า: อนาคตของความยิ่งใหญ่ของกองทัพ

พัฒนาการในพม่า: อนาคตของความยิ่งใหญ่ของกองทัพ ทฤษฎีและหลักปฏิบัติเกี่ยวกับการปกครองแบบตะวันตกสมัยใหม่ได้กำหนดเงื่อนไขของการเป็น [...]

REVIEW: Myanma no Kuni to Tami, Nichimen Hikaku Sonraku Syakairon no Kokoromi

 Myanma no Kuni to Tami: Nichimen Hikaku Sonraku Syakairon no Kokoromi  (『ミャンマーの国と民―日緬比較村落社会論の試み―』)(State and People in Myanmar: A Comparative Study of Rural Societies in Japan and Myanmar)By Akio Takahashi. Tokyo: Akashi Shoten, 2012 This book focuses on rural society in Myanmar. While the new government of Myanmar has attracted public [...]